Fused Biconic Taper Wavelength Division Multiplexing (Fused WDM) refers to a wavelength division multiplexer based on the fusion taper process. When the cores of the two single-mode fibers are sufficiently close, the two machine modes in the single-mode fiber will be coupled to each other through evanescent waves. Under a certain coupling coefficient and coupling length, channels with different wavelength components can be created and separated, and realize the multiplexer effect. The commonly used wavelengths are 1310/1550nm, 980/1550nm, 1480/1550nm and other wavelength division multiplexing. This kind of fusion taper wavelength division multiplexer shows the most 1x2, 2x2 forms of wavelength division multiplexing.
With the continuous progress of the communications industry, the tapered WDM plays an important role in it. It has low insertion loss, high withstand power, and high stability. It can realize the multiplexing and demultiplexing of two optical signals. It is used in fiber lasers, fiber amplifiers, underwater communications, fiber sensing and other fields.